Skip to content

机场跑道转型为可持续的城市公园,场地的历史文脉得以延续,项目勇夺中国大陆首个SITES金级认证

徐汇跑道公园

业主
上海徐汇滨江开发投资建设有限公司
位置
中国上海
规模
14.63 公顷
Photographer
©一勺景观摄影 ©顾悦平 ©张虔希
专业领域
景观
现况
进程中
荣获奖项
Boston Society of Landscape Architects, Honor Award – Design
Green Building Showcase 2019, Market Leader Award Series, Site Category

徐汇跑道公园是一个反映上海城市发展史的创意城市更新项目。公园面积为8.42公顷,其前身是运营超过80年的龙华机场的跑道。龙华机场曾是1949年前上海唯一的民用机场。考虑到场地的历史文脉,公园设计效仿机场跑道的动态特质,采用多样化的线性空间将街道和公园组织成一个统一的跑道系统,满足汽车、自行车和行人的行进需要。虽然所有的空间都是线性的,但每个空间中采用了不同的材料、尺度、地形,并设计了不同的活动项目,以创造多样的空间体验。这样,公园成为承载现代生活的跑道,在都市环境中提供了一处休闲和放松的空间。

With the recent redevelopment of the Xuhui Riverfront Area into a mixed-use district, the historic runway is embracing its new life. Master planned as a public street and linear park side-by-side, this project serves as a runway of modern life, offering a space of recreation for nearby communities, as well as a respite from the high-density redevelopment around. Following its environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable approaches, the site will lead the city’s new lifestyle.

设计中尽可能地保留了原有机场跑道的混凝土铺面,包括重新利用破碎的跑道混凝土块建造新的园路、广场以及休息区等。公园内许多空间的设计都旨在为行人和自行车行进的过程中创造上升、下降及俯视地面的体验,唤起人们乘飞机时上升、下降的体验,不仅向访客暗示基地作为机场跑道的历史,同时也为场地提供了多种视角。

在道路设计中,通过控制车行道的宽度、鼓励使用公共交通而不是私家车,来竭力保持紧凑的城市中心区的感觉。此外,六行落叶行道树沿人行道、自行车道以及机动车道形成绿化隔离带,创造了舒适的微气候、四季变换的景致、及人性化尺度的景观大道。在地铁站和相邻开发地块之间的下沉花园,可以改善人们来往于地铁时的空间体验,同时增加公园的空间层次。

与景观功能相结合,公园里将全部运用长三角本土植物品种创造多样的陆生和水生动物栖息地。观鸟园、果林和多种多样的花园营造了优美的陆生环境;湿地、人造软质驳岸与漂浮湿地模块组成了健康的水生环境。

灯杆的设置再现了对机场最为重要的通信和照明功能,呼应了基地的航空和工业历史。地埋的线状和点状灯具不仅标示出昔日的跑道,而且也是公园的标志性视觉元素之一。发光的扶手、座椅、遮荫棚、架空步道将和环境标识一起为功能空间创造视觉边界。所有的灯光都有意识地避开了栖息地和夜行生物的活动区域。

公园和与其平行的云锦路上的雨水径流通过路旁5,760平方米的雨水花园和8,107平方米的人工湿地进行管理。建成后这里将成为上海市第一个沿道路的雨水花园系统。基地北面的径流流经公园中的雨水花园后排放到运河中,南面的径流则经过一系列过滤湿地排入运河。用以减缓流速的开放前池与植被覆盖的湿地相结合,有助于减少道路径流中的悬浮颗粒物和污染物。整个场地的雨水径流最终经机场河排入黄浦江。

The aerodynamic and industrial nature of the site is also referenced in the use of light poles that recall the form of airplane wings. In-ground lights outline the former runway concrete panels and serve as a visual connection to the park’s aviation history. All site lighting is LED sourced, reducing annual electricity use by 167,000 kilowatts compared with metal-halide lighting.

The stormwater from the park and Yunjin Road is managed along the street through the 5,760-square-meter (1.42-acre) rain garden on the north portion of the site and the 8,107-square-meter (2-acre) constructed wetland to the south. The roadside rain garden system is the first of its kind built in the city of Shanghai. After treatment at the rain garden and the forebay, the stormwater meets the quality requirements for recreational water, according to the Surface Water Quality Standard of China. A portion of the treated runoff is collected at a 39.4-cubic-meter (10,408-gallon) underground cistern for park operation and maintenance use when necessary, sufficient for irrigating 19,700 square meters (4.87 acres) of planted areas, or providing a full water supply for the Runway Fountain in the park.

Most construction materials were sourced locally and environmentally friendly to reduce emission during transportation, protect rainforests, and support the local economy. For example, fused bamboo lumber was used as a sustainable substitute of tropical hardwood on benches, boardwalks, and riverfront overlooks, due to its fast-growing nature, comparable strength, and longevity in outdoors environments.

The park has received a lot of attention from the neighborhood as well as from the city. Following its construction, many major residential, commercial, and office developments were grounded in its adjacent blocks, including the CCTV Yangtze Delta Headquarters, the first 7-star hotel in Shanghai, and the West Bund AI Center, the World Artificial Intelligence Conference site; the property value of the neighborhood increased over 80% from 2015 to 2019.

This site traces the record of urban development in Shanghai. It transcends time and space, bringing a piece of the memorable past to the present and into the modern comfort of urban public spaces. Its strong sustainable initiatives have earned it the first SITES Gold certification in Mainland China and the SITE 2019 Green Building Market Leader Award by USGBC’s Massachusetts Chapter.

想了解更多项目细节,请联系 马克·铎森.

Sasaki colorful logo Sasaki English